CAABA/MECCA
MECCA chemistry in global models

MECCA chemistry has been integrated into the global models ECHAM5/MESSy, GEM-AQ, and CESM1.

Our group focuses on the implementation of MECCA in the general circulation model ECHAM5/MESSy (EMAC), which has been used for several studies. Some selected publications are listed here. A full list of EMAC publications (most of which used the MECCA chemistry) can be found on the MESSy webpage.

MECCA was also integrated into the Global Environmental Multiscale Model with Air Quality processes (GEM-AQ) by Zhao et al. (2008).

Recently, MECCA chemistry has been implemented into CAM v.3.6.33, see Long et al. (2013) and Long et al. (2014).

In addition, MECCA chemistry is now also available in the Community Earth System Model (CESM), see Baumgaertner et al. (2016).

References

   Baumgaertner, A. J. G., Jöckel, P., Dameris, M., & Crutzen, P. J.: Will climate change increase ozone depletion from low-energy-electron precipitation?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9647–9656 (2010a).

   Baumgaertner, A. J. G., Jöckel, P., Steil, B., Tost, H., & Sander, R.: A fast stratospheric chemistry solver: the E4CHEM submodel for the atmospheric chemistry global circulation model EMAC, Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 321–328, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/3/321 (2010b).

   Baumgaertner, A. J. G., Jöckel, P., Kerkweg, A., Sander, R., & Tost, H.: Implementation of the Community Earth System Model (CESM1, version 1.2.1) as a new base model into version 2.50 of the MESSy framework, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 125–135, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-125-2016, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/9/125 (2016).

   Fischer, H., Pozzer, A., Schmitt, T., Jöckel, P., Klippel, T., Taraborrelli, D., & Lelieveld, J.: Hydrogen peroxide in the marine boundary layer over the South Atlantic during the OOMPH cruise in March 2007, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 6971–6980, doi:10.5194/acp-15-6971-2015 (2015).

   Franke, K., Richter, A., Bovensmann, H., Eyring, V., Jöckel, P., Hoor, P., & Burrows, J. P.: Ship emitted NO2 in the Indian Ocean: comparison of model results with satellite data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 7289–7301 (2009).

   Gettelman, A., Hegglin, M. I., Son, S.-W., Kim, J., Fujiwara, M., Birner, T., Kremser, S., Rex, M., Añel, J. A., Akiyoshi, H., Austin, J., Bekki, S., Braesike, P., Brühl, C., Butchart, N., Chipperfield, M., Dameris, M., Dhomse, S., Garny, H., Hardiman, S. C., Jöckel, P., Kinnison, D. E., Lamarque, J. F., Mancini, E., Marchand, M., Michou, M., Morgenstern, O., Pawson, S., Pitari, G., Plummer, D., Pyle, J. A., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J., Shepherd, T. G., Shibata, K., Smale, D., Teyssèdre, H., & Tian, W.: Multimodel assessment of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: Tropics and global trends, J. Geophys. Res., 115D, D00M08, doi:10.1029/2009JD013638 (2010).

   Hegglin, M. I., Gettelman, A., Hoor, P., Krichevsky, R., Manney, G. L., Pan, L. L., Son, S.-W., Stiller, G., Tilmes, S., Walker, K. A., Eyring, V., Shepherd, T. G., Waugh, D., Akiyoshi, H., Añel, J. A., Austin, J., Baumgaertner, A., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Brühl, C., Butchart, N., Chipperfield, M., Dameris, M., Dhomse, S., Frith, S., Garny, H., Hardiman, S. C., Jöckel, P., Kinnison, D. E., Lamarque, J. F., Mancini, E., Michou, M., Morgenstern, O., Nakamura, T., Olivié, D., Pawson, S., Pitari, G., Plummer, D. A., Pyle, J. A., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J. F., Shibata, K., Smale, D., Teyssèdre, H., Tian, W., & Yamashita, Y.: Multimodel assessment of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: Extratropics, J. Geophys. Res., 115D, D00M09, doi:10.1029/2010JD013884 (2010).

   Jöckel, P., Tost, H., Pozzer, A., Brühl, C., Buchholz, J., Ganzeveld, L., Hoor, P., Kerkweg, A., Lawrence, M. G., Sander, R., Steil, B., Stiller, G., Tanarhte, M., Taraborrelli, D., van Aardenne, J., & Lelieveld, J.: The atmospheric chemistry general circulation model ECHAM5/MESSy1: consistent simulation of ozone from the surface to the mesosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 5067–5104, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/5067 (2006).

   Jöckel, P., Kerkweg, A., Pozzer, A., Sander, R., Tost, H., Riede, H., Baumgaertner, A., Gromov, S., & Kern, B.: Development cycle 2 of the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy2), Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 717–752, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/3/717 (2010).

   Jöckel, P., Tost, H., Pozzer, A., Kunze, M., Kirner, O., Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M., Brinkop, S., Cai, D. S., Dyroff, C., Eckstein, J., Frank, F., Garny, H., Gottschaldt, K.-D., Graf, P., Grewe, V., Kerkweg, A., Kern, B., Matthes, S., Mertens, M., Meul, S., Neumaier, M., Nützel, M., Oberländer-Hayn, S., Ruhnke, R., Runde, T., Sander, R., Scharffe, D., & Zahn, A.: Earth System Chemistry integrated Modelling (ESCiMo) with the Modular Earth Submodel System (MESSy, version 2.51), Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1153–1200, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1153-2016, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/9/1153 (2016).

   Kerkweg, A., Sander, R., Tost, H., Jöckel, P., & Lelieveld, J.: Technical Note: Simulation of detailed aerosol chemistry on the global scale using MECCA-AERO, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2973–2985, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2973 (2007).

   Kerkweg, A., Jöckel, P., Pozzer, A., Tost, H., Sander, R., Schulz, M., Stier, P., Vignati, E., Wilson, J., & Lelieveld, J.: Consistent simulation of bromine chemistry from the marine boundary layer to the stratosphere – Part 1: Model description, sea salt aerosols and pH, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5899–5917, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/5899 (2008a).

   Kerkweg, A., Jöckel, P., Warwick, N., Gebhardt, S., Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M., & Lelieveld, J.: Consistent simulation of bromine chemistry from the marine boundary layer to the stratosphere - Part 2: Bromocarbons, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 5919–5939 (2008b).

   Khosrawi, F., Müller, R., Proffitt, M. H., Ruhnke, R., Kirner, O., Jöckel, P., Grooß, J.-U., Urban, J., Murtagh, D., & Nakajima, H.: Evaluation of CLaMS, KASIMA and ECHAM5/MESSy1 simulations in the lower stratosphere using observations of Odin/SMR and ILAS/ILAS-II, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 5759–5783 (2009).

   Lauer, A., Eyring, V., Hendricks, J., Jöckel, P., & Lohmann, U.: Global model simulations of the impact of ocean-going ships on aerosols, clouds, and the radiation budget, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 5061–5079 (2007).

   Lelieveld, J., Hoor, P., Jöckel, P., Pozzer, A., Hadjinicolaou, P., Cammas, J.-P., & Beirle, S.: Severe ozone air pollution in the Persian Gulf region, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 1393–1406 (2009).

   Long, M. S., Keene, W. C., Easter, R., Sander, R., Kerkweg, A., Erickson, D., Liu, X., & Ghan, S.: Implementation of the chemistry module MECCA (v2.5) in the modal aerosol version of the Community Atmosphere Model component (v3.6.33) of the Community Earth System Model, Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 255–262, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/6/255 (2013).

   Long, M. S., Keene, W. C., Easter, R. C., Sander, R., Liu, X., Kerkweg, A., & Erickson, D.: Sensitivity of tropospheric chemical composition to halogen-radical chemistry using a fully coupled size-resolved multiphase chemistry-global climate system: halogen distributions, aerosol composition, and sensitivity of climate-relevant gases., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3397–3425, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/3397 (2014).

   Mangold, A., Grooß, J.-U., Backer, H. D., Kirner, O., Ruhnke, R., & Müller, R.: A model study of the January 2006 low total ozone episode over Western Europe and comparison with ozone sonde data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6429–6451 (2009).

   Pozzer, A., Jöckel, P., Tost, H., Sander, R., Ganzeveld, L., Kerkweg, A., & Lelieveld, J.: Simulating organic species with the global atmospheric chemistry general circulation model ECHAM5/MESSy1: a comparison of model results with observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2527–2550, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2527 (2007).

   Pozzer, A., Jöckel, P., & van Aardenne, J.: The influence of the vertical distribution of emissions on tropospheric chemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9417–9432 (2009).

   Pozzer, A., Pollmann, J., Taraborrelli, D., Jöckel, P., Helmig, D., Tans, P., Hueber, J., & Lelieveld, J.: Observed and simulated global distribution and budget of atmospheric C2-C5 alkanes, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4403–4422 (2010).

   Regelin, E., Harder, H., Martinez, M., Kubistin, D., Tatum Ernest, C., Bozem, H., Klippel, T., Hosaynali-Beygi, Z., Fischer, H., Sander, R., Jöckel, P., Königstedt, R., & Lelieveld, J.: HOx measurements in the summertime upper troposphere over Europe: A comparison of observations to a box model and a 3-D model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10 703–10 720, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10703 (2013).

   Righi, M., Eyring, V., Gottschaldt, K.-D., Klinger, C., Frank, F., Jöckel, P., & Cionni, I.: Quantitative evaluation of ozone and selected climate parameters in a set of EMAC simulations, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 733–768, http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/8/733 (2015).

   Sihler, H., Platt, U., Beirle, S., Marbach, T., Kühl, S., Dörner, S., Verschaeve, J., Frieß, U., Pöhler, D., Vogel, L., Sander, R., & Wagner, T.: Tropospheric BrO column densities in the Arctic derived from satellite: retrieval and comparison to ground-based measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2779–2807, http://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/5/2779 (2012).

   Sinnhuber, B.-M. & Meul, S.: Simulating the impact of emissions of brominated very short lived substances on past stratospheric ozone trends, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 2449–2456, doi:10.1002/2014GL062975 (2015).

   Son, S.-W., Gerber, E. P., Perlwitz, J., Polvani, L. M., Gillett, N. P., Seo, K.-H., Eyring, V., Shepherd, T. G., Waugh, D., Akiyoshi, H., Austin, J., Baumgaertner, A., Bekki, S., Braesicke, P., Brühl, C., Butchart, N., Chipperfield, M. P., Cugnet, D., Dameris, M., Dhomse, S., Frith, S., Garny, H., Garcia, R., Hardiman, S. C., Jöckel, P., Lamarque, J. F., Mancini, E., Marchand, M., Michou, M., Nakamura, T., Morgenstern, O., Pitari, G., Plummer, D. A., Pyle, J., Rozanov, E., Scinocca, J. F., Shibata, K., Smale, D., Teyssèdre, H., Tian, W., & Yamashita, Y.: Impact of stratospheric ozone on Southern Hemisphere circulation change: A multimodel assessment, J. Geophys. Res., 115D, D00M07, doi:10.1029/2010JD014271 (2010).

   Tost, H., Jöckel, P., Kerkweg, A., Sander, R., & Lelieveld, J.: Technical note: A new comprehensive SCAVenging submodel for global atmospheric chemistry modelling, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 565–574, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/565 (2006).

   Tost, H., Jöckel, P., Kerkweg, A., Pozzer, A., Sander, R., & Lelieveld, J.: Global cloud and precipitation chemistry and wet deposition: tropospheric model simulations with ECHAM5/MESSy1, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2733–2757, http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/2733 (2007).

   Tost, H., Lawrence, M. G., Brühl, C., Jöckel, P., The GABRIEL Team, & The SCOUT-O3-DARWIN/ACTIVE Team: Uncertainties in atmospheric chemistry modelling due to convection parameterisations and subsequent scavenging, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1931–1951 (2010).

   Tsimpidi, A. P., Karydis, V. A., Pozzer, A., Pandis, S. N., & Lelieveld, J.: ORACLE (v1.0): module to simulate the organic aerosol composition and evolution in the atmosphere, Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 3153–3172, doi:10.5194/ gmd-7-3153-2014 (2014).

   Zhao, T. L., Gong, S. L., Bottenheim, J. W., McConnell, J. C., Sander, R., Kaleschke, L., Richter, A., Kerkweg, A., Toyota, K., & Barrie, L. A.: A three-dimensional model study on the production of BrO and Arctic boundary layer ozone depletion, J. Geophys. Res., 113D, D24304, doi:10.1029/ 2008JD010631 (2008).

This document was last changed: 2016-01-19